Water Treatment Fundamentals

Water Treatment Fundamentals – Part 11

Water Treatment Fundamentals – Part 11

 

Transcript

Speaker 1:                           00:00

Areas, filters that are for larger contaminants and then you have a smaller, tighter wind on the inside, so you can go 75, 25, 75, 20, 50. Oh, five and 25. Oh one. That’s nice because it. All it does is it increases your capacity levels. You can load up more stuff in those for longer periods of time. Mormons are core water treatment system. That first housing as a dewalt radio sediment filter. We have carbon impregnated paper cartridges, so that’s just depleted. That has carbon on the outside surfaces of it and again that ranges all the way up through carbon blocks and greg and granular activated carbons as well. So when you grabbed it rusty and you shook it, those cartridges are the ones where you’re going to get that. The MARACA with water to get through a here’s your gac cartridges. The gacs are in like a linear flow cartridge so the water comes up, goes down to the bottom and flows up through the bed and then out.

Speaker 1:                           01:00

Those are. That’s just a better carbon. It’s got. It’s very similar to water flowing through a tank that’s literally carbon. Then you had the radio flow, the RFC carbons as well, and to give you an idea of how effectively carbon is it removing chlorine, even those carbon and pregnant, those, those pleated filters that just have carbon on the surface, those do a great job for gloria and reduction, especially in warm water. That’s how the quick chlorine can get reduced out of the waters. Just the, just the amount of time that water flows through a sheet of paper.

Speaker 1:                           01:31

So very effective. We’ll chloroplasts remove chlorine. Yes. Uh, in fact, floor plus cartridges will remove chlorine exponentially better than a regular carbon block in comparison. It’s almost like, yeah, it’s like they never run out of capacity for recording or the core plus cartridges, I want to say it’s like somewhere between five and 10 times more chlorine reduction capability. So that’s what the benefit of the catalytic, the catalyst that’s been put on the surface. And again, I don’t want to spend a ton of time here, but it goes through all the carbon blocks and talks about what some of the capabilities are. Here’s the modified blocks that we make in Dover. American made car churches, high levels of dirt loading as well as carbon filtration, and then you also get the ability to go all the way down to that point. Five micron filtration level. My favorite carbon cartridge, my favorite filter cartridge, the flow plus, I think this is an outstanding product to promote as a whole house filter specialties. There’s our phosphate theaters are ion exchange cartridges for water softening, a mixed bed. The ionization cartridges again for Bessel special applications to make pure water. And then this is do you do, I don’t know if any inquiries that come through for Ayer removal in this area is iron. Uh, it is problematic. These cartridges have a particular catalog media in them as well as the carbon. So what they are

Speaker 1:                           03:14

created to apply to, they do carbon filtration. It’s a radial flow carbon essentially, but it also has a material in it that does iron reduction, so it will precipitate and filter out iron as well at low levels. And so you can see one, two parts per million of iron in the water. It’s a really good polishing filter to take that out. And again, it’s cost effective rather than a whole ironman removal system for a whole home. Maybe you don’t need to do that. Maybe it’s just for the irrigation system or something. They don’t want orange spraying on the side of the fences. You can just put an a cartridge like this and it’ll do it, do it enough to polish up that water for that kind of application and it’s easy to apply. Here’s the chloride plus oil absorption and then are in lines and so forth. Okay. Everybody feel good about that stuff?

Speaker 2:                           04:06

Let’s talk about.

Speaker 1:                           04:11

Okay, reverse osmosis. Let’s talk about reverse osmosis. Alright, what do we know about reverse osmosis here? We’re going to kind of combine a couple of things here because we separated it off until now. We talked about particulate filtration as being a barrier and physically stopping things from passing through and then we talked about chemical filtration. We’re using adsorption and we’re kind of doing kind of doing an exchange and kind of pulling things out of the water. Our own is a means of being able to do

Speaker 1:                           04:52

really, really fine barrier filtration. If that gets down to the level of where you’re removing and rejecting dissolved components, so you’re doing chemical filtration, but you’re doing it by means of a super, super tight barrier, not barrier is called a membrane, so what we’ll do is lay out a sheet of polymer polysulfone and subject that probably cell phone into a solvent and based on how that’s done, time periods, amounts in a specification, it will put it will produce, pours in that sheet of plastic in those pore sizes are so small that it’s semipermeable is so small that it only lets water through only lets water through and let them pass us and rejects everything else.

Speaker 1:                           05:47

Kind of cool, right? The getting a good. One of the things that’s been as the evolutionary process of the product that’s worked out really great is these these materials, these membranes have been the production rates and the volumes have gotten so high. That has become really, really cost effective too. I mean, it’s a. As far as a vain means water treatment. It’s inexpensive and it’s very capable and very dependable as a means of water treatment. There’s a couple of pros and cons of anything as there is with our own. We’ll cover those in a little bit. Okay, but that’s what a membrane looks like and this is a viral membrane, so what is actually is it’s like a poster. If you wrap up a poster to put in to that membrane, that sheet is wound around that core, that plastic tube that you see in the middle, and then based on the which way the water goes and which way the flow of the water goes through.

Speaker 1:                           06:43

That membrane is how the process happened. I the way that just for me, for ease of me, I’m pretty simple. I’m a pretty simple person. I like to try and you know, if you tell me about something, I like to try and translate that into things that I’m aware of or that I have a good field for and the way that I like to think of a membrane is if I take mud, take mud and put it on top of this table, and then take a sheet of paper towel. If I lay that paper towel on top of the mud, the water is going to migrate. It’s going to go into the paper towel and start soaking through the paper towel and making its way to the edges just because of the nature of what that paper towel is. It kind of filters out the mud, right?

Speaker 1:                           07:26

The garbage, the granules, the sand and so forth, and it just picks up the water and then takes the water and spreads it out. That’s kind of what’s happening within our own membrane. That’s a semipermeable membrane. It only lets the water in and it rejects everything else. Okay, so if I wind that paper towel and flow, if I could flow through it, the water goes into the paper towel and that’s what I’m collecting. That’s kind of how I like to think about it. So semipermeable membrane. Here’s the. How many gallons per minute does this do our own membranes aren’t rated well. Residential Rom membranes aren’t rated on gallon. You said gallons per minute, right? Rusty? They aren’t rated on gallons per minute. They’re rated on her day gallons per day. So it’s a very, very. Because you’re right, if I put that paper, it’s not going to be making water where I’m going to turn on a faucet and all of a sudden suck the water up.

Speaker 1:                           08:23

It’s going to be baking water to very, very, very low rate. Seventy five gallons per day and that’s rated and that’s a, that’s a 75. But if it’s 50, some of the most common sizes that you’re going to see now, 50, 75, 100 gallon per day membranes for residential use. Um, you’re talking production rates that are into milliliters per minute. Very, very small. Like drops of water. Okay. So, so this will be used for like just drinking water though. Primarily our oh, water is used in the residential in residences are. Oh, is used to produce drinking water. Really, really super high quality drinking water

Speaker 2:                           09:03

before you’re afraid you’re of like a refrigerator filter in his eyes and said

Speaker 1:                           09:11

I would use it in addition to.

Speaker 2:                           09:13

Okay, so that’s will go before your fridge of the wall or go under your sink. Most of the time when you haven’t fostered that comes up for a glass feller that you can run the line two years and typically you’ll have a storage tank under this thing as well that will offset that slow production, not water on demand them.

Speaker 1:                           09:36

So let’s talk about how this works because I actually had jumped just like what Phil said and what Derek and everybody’s been adding it because I actually have an. Oh, we’re going to pull out and take a look at it so you can see what all that stuff looks like. Semi permeable semi permeable membranes are a necessity for life because what it does is it allows water and electrolytes and the stuff that we depend on to be at balance on two sides. Like I’m so lost and stuff, right? So you’re allowing water to go through both sides to create balance so that things can operate at a level that that provides for life. Socialism pen semipermeable membranes are natural. We’re going to produce one that allows us to make water. Well, it’s not the semipermeable membranes that are in our body and plants and so forth. What they’re using is a process called Osmosis and as Moses, what does most of this means is equalization, so it’s equalizing the levels of concentration on both sides of that, that wall. Okay, so if you think about. So if I have dotson, chickens.

 

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