Water Treatment Fundamentals

Water Treatment Fundamentals – Part 2

Water Treatment Fundamentals – Part 2




Speaker 1:                           00:00

Now you’d never been any part of that group like that, but these were five guys who, who saw an opportunity in ballooning and they were enthusiastic about it and they realize, you know, we’re not going to make a lot of money in this, um, what we need to do is find something with a government contract perhaps that we could turn this into something. So they got a, they were able to secure a government contract for weather balloons and that sort of fuel that gave them a little bit of revenue to fuel everything else and uh, that diversified data and once that contract came up, they realize this isn’t really going anywhere. So then they started getting into things like paper. Does anybody here ever worked with porter cable or Delta tool? Woodworking tools? So we used to have, we used to own porter cable and Delta to fill this with the pressure washers.

Speaker 1:                           00:46

Used to be a Pentair company, um, federal cartridge. So ammunition owned an interest in that for awhile. But as, as time went, we, what the, in 1995, Pentair bought flight control. So that’s that plant in Brookfield that I just showed you. And I think the idea was is when, when the folks came walking through, it was a little privately owned company and they figure, they looked around and said, you know, there’s kind of a lot of waste going on here. It’s not really efficient. It, they, they’re, they’re real profitable, they’re doing a great job. It’s a, the number one brand in the industry as far as perception, everything. But we could really streamline this. We could really make this, we can tighten this up and really turn it into something. So pentair bought flight controls in 1995. Blood controls make vows are made, multiport valves like this one.

Speaker 1:                           01:35

So this is one of the newest family of residential valves right here. So we’ll talk about this later on. But we make multiport water treatment vowels in Brookfield, Wisconsin bought it in 1995 and was so, you know, kind of turned it around. We now manufacture every single dollar that we make, not just black, but audit trail. Vowels are not made in that same plant. So a lot of it was streamlined, cleaned up. We do all of our own machining, so we bring it brass castings, we do all of our own machining in house, that’s all done in house. Um, and they realized, wow, this water thing, it’s not going away. Water Quality, water treatment that concerns for aware of fresh water supplies will come from, it’s not going away. Maybe we need to focus in on this whole water thing. And then over the next 10 years or so they expanded from those valves and then began to invest in pressure vessels and infiltration.

Speaker 1:                           02:30

Um, bought structural fibers. Bought Park International for pressure vessels. But I’m plymouth products and Ametek for any of you guys. Golfers. Alright. So if you go on the golf course, it’s not unused. So the little irrigation, the caps that go over the valves for the irrigation systems, if you look on those calves, it’s not, you’ll see like armor by Ametek. So that company in Sheboygan, Wisconsin was the ones that were injection molding goes those irrigation covers. So the biggest part of their business was that part, but they also made filter cartridges there. And the part that pen, dear one, it was the filter cartridges part, so they took, they bought the that from amatech and then brandon had pentec. So now we were able to do, we were able to cover all the bases we could do from the start, simple filtration all the way to bigger stuff, residential, commercial water treatment, vow tanks and the whole kitten caboodle.

Speaker 1:                           03:29

And then on the other side too, with water, we have a large pump company. So it’s Kinda, you know, from, I always tell people from the moment that you find the water that you moved the water storage, treat it and supply it, Pentair or end if you’re going to be using it in your pool, in the back for recreational use, whether it’s utility, recreational, um, whatever happens to be our consuming the water. We as a company are able to provide products for all of those different things. And that’s pretty cool. And I’ve gotten the chance in the 26 years to see all that happen. So let’s start off, let’s start talking about water. All right, let’s look at this home here and start to consider a kind of where water comes from.

Speaker 2:                           04:12


Speaker 1:                           04:15

first thing I want to point towards is kind of the two main sources of where water’s going to come from. Primarily if you look at, if you look around the United States and really around the world where major cities are located is typically on an area where you’ve got an easily accessible fresh water supply. So you find a lot of the big cities are on rivers and lakes. I’m from Wisconsin, Great Lakes area. Great Lakes are the one, it’s the one of the largest fresh water reservoir systems in the world. Um, so it’s a big deal to be able to have that as a resource right in the middle of our country. And a lot of the, all the cities that are around the great lakes are sourcing their fresh water straight from the lake, which is kind of curious too when you think that were also pumping all of our sewage right back out into the lake. And then you know, that kind of hold that circulating system that happens naturally. Pump it out, it gets filtered naturally. We pump it in, we filter, we use it, pump it back out, that kind of whole thing that’s happening there, that’s caused some problems over time. But we’ll get into that too. And again, the filtration, some of the things that talk about when we’re talking about those two different water supplies, surface water readily accessible, it’s right there in front of you,

Speaker 1:                           05:32

groundwater in subterranean rivers and lakes and stuff that we have to drill down and get two out of the ground. All of our water is going through a continual treatment process all around us. And, and I know I’m, you’ve, if you’ve seen this before, because usually what happens here is it’s the statement that, well, the water has been on earth is always been here. It’s always been here, it’s just going through one part of this cycle or another. Um, where are we start from where we have all of the majority of our water on earth is in the sea. So if you look over here on the right and you consider all this water out here, 97 percent of that water is out in the sea. Okay? Now, is that consumable water?

Speaker 1:                           06:26

No, not easily. Not Easily. Right? You wouldn’t want to. Yeah. You wouldn’t want to depend on that as a source of you drinking water. So I want to give you a lot for your notes. Won’t give you the first thing to write down. I want you to write down pds. I’m sure you guys probably are. You may have heard of this already. Does anybody know what tds stands for? Totally dissolved solids. Yes. Total dissolved knowledge. Um, and what that means is that. And it’s important to know this gds is part of the water. Okay? It is part of the water. Just like when your drink, when you drink chicken soup and you drink that broth, that stuff that’s in there isn’t like particles that are floating around in that Bra. That broth is what it is. It’s a, it’s a soup. It’s a solution. Well, tds is part of that soup that is the water. And that’s important to know because as we go through these filtration, um, the methods, there’s ways that there’s different ways and methods that we need to use in order to, to address some of these things. Does anybody happen to have an idea of what? So if I say total dissolved solids and I said, and part of it’s part of the water. Does anybody happen to have an idea of what the total dissolved solids is in seawater? Like in the ocean?

Speaker 1:                           07:50

If you were to do the typically are in the, in the oceans, the tds levels are right between 30,000 to 60,000 parts per million. Now that on its own, I say that that doesn’t really mean a whole lot. Thirty thousand to 60,000 parts per million ppm. That stands for parts per million. So if we say we’ve got 6 million people in Dallas, Fort Worth Metro area, so parts per million is a ratio of that 6 million. So if you take that and consider, okay, 30,000 to 60,000 and that’s parts per million. That means out of the 6 million people in Dallas, Fort Worth area, we’re going to take $50,000. We’ll put it right in the middle of 30,000 to 60,000, take 50,000, multiply that by six and that’s 300,000. So that means 300,000 of those people are not water and the rest are age two up. Does that make sense?

Speaker 1:                           08:48

So that’s what, 30,000 to 60,000. So if we say 50,000 parts per million, that means 300,000 people in this metro area are not water h two o there’s something else. Calcium, gold, uranium, nitrates, sulfates, magnesium, whatever it happens to be. That’s what that PDS level is saying out of that million. So it’s still kind of a small number when you consider right? $300,000 out of 6 million. So it’s still the majority is water. But when you consider that, and if you were to take a handful of seawater, put it in your mouth, that 30, that 50,000 tvs still makes a big difference, doesn’t it? Even if it’s just a small segment of that million, it still makes a huge difference. You wouldn’t be able to survive drinking that water. Alright, so let’s get away from seawater for now. We can come back to it and talk about how to make that pure h two o later.

Speaker 1:                           09:44

But let’s get to where we can get the fresh water. So as we move, as we move through the hydrologic cycle and that water that’s out in the sea is evaporating and turning into vapor. When it gets into a place where it starts precipitating, it’s falling back down as relatively pure h two o. So that’s like distilled water. It’s picked up some things in the air, you know it’s going, it’s in, it’s in steam forum, it’s in paper form. It’s picking up some of the gases and stuff that are on it, but when it precipitates, falls back down to the ground. It’s pretty pure. H, two o, it’s pretty. It’s relatively clean water. When it gets back down to the ground, it’s gonna go. It’s gonna. Try and make its way back to the sea. Now let’s, let’s think about this for a minute, so we’ve got a relatively pure water. It falls down.


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