Water Treatment Fundamentals

Water Treatment Fundamentals – Part 5

Water Treatment Fundamentals – Part 5

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Transcript

Speaker 1:                           00:01

Check out the micron ratings on those cartridges. What’s your reading? Is the size, the barriers? Size of those filter cartridges. What’s the smallest number that’s on there? Went right? Half Micron point five micron. And what cartridge was that on the flow plus the floor plus outstanding. Next one up. What was the next one? Be One. K chloroplast. Very good. Chloroplast is one micron rating

Speaker 1:                           00:45

and then finally dead. That migrant man, you’re paying attention. Wow. Ten microns. So with that being the case, if I have a cyst that is around one micron in size, which one of those cartridges can you depend on to take a cyst out of the water? Right. It’s that simple. And I know this seems like really rudimentary, right? Like okay, well this isn’t what. What are we talking about? Your. But that’s how simple it is fellows, is that all you’re trying to do is depending upon what the contaminant is, create a filter that takes that out of the water point five microns. That flow plus cartridge is rated for cyst removal and I think it says it. That’s part of it can be part of a system rated for cyst removal. Right on the label.

Speaker 2:                           01:35

Need would filter out a fire though? No, this would have already been filtered down by the time he got to your house. What should have been

Speaker 1:                           01:46

depending upon where the wash room. What’s your name? Ryan. Ryan. That’s a isn’t it? It’s a perfect question because depending upon where the water and how it’s been treated when it gets to the house, because the next thing we want to talk about is where’s the water coming from as it supply source. Okay, so the next thing that can get to your point, Brian. Okay. It should have been treated by the time it gets to my house. Well, where’s the water coming from? Is it coming from a municipal supply or is it coming from a private? Well, we just recently, in the last five to 10 years in the United States, transitioned from a country that was that most people were getting their water from private wells to most people in the United States now are getting their water from a municipal supply of some sort. Somebody is supplying your water too, you just within the last 10 years or so we went and we crossed that 50 percent mark.

Speaker 1:                           02:44

Okay. What are we at right now? The breakdown between municipal and private. It’s good. It’s been growing rapidly. Even in places. If any of you heard of a program called rural, rural water. Okay. It’s happening more out in places like Iowa and Nebraska where cities understand, hey, I’m providing a service. I’m going to start typing my water out to those farms out there and then supplying their water for them as a service and they called the rural water program. Um, so the, the desire to treat and then provide water out to, to the consumer is growing rapidly. I believe it’s getting. It might even be more 60 percent now.

Speaker 1:                           03:33

Um, but here’s the thing about those two supplies. Municipal water supplies are regulated by the government. So you have to, you have to get the water to your customer at a certain level and there’s minimum and maximum levels that you can have of contaminants in that water. Private wells don’t have those restrictions. Okay? You have to test the wall to make sure that it’s safe, and then a lot of states, I believe that you have to have it. It’s mandate. You have to have a test done every time you sell the property, but then in between there, it’s the wild west and hey, I’m a conservative and I don’t have a problem with that. Right? It’s your wealth to your water buyer beware, right? It’s your, well, nobody’s charging you for it. Um, and that’s good. But whenever it comes out of that, well is your problem, right? Municipal supplies are regulated that they have to supply safe water to you. So you’re right, Ryan, if it’s coming from a city, they have to make sure that it’s free of bacteria and viruses and insists and things like that. Um, as well as heavy metals, there’s a lot of different things that are, that are on that list of contaminants that they have to be concerned with.

Speaker 1:                           04:50

How do we keep. So we’ve been talking about bacteria and we’ve been talking about a lot of this stuff because that’s. We’re sticking with surface water right now and we’re sticking with physical filtration. How, what? What do I use to filter those things out at a municipal water supply? What are the same? So what it says in some of the things they’re doing to treat the water. I sucked the water out of Lake Michigan. What’s the first thing I’m doing? I put it through a plant. I put it into a big storage container, a big pond, and I put some chemicals into it, make a lot of this stuff that’s in it, coagulate together and fall out a solution. So I put it in settling ponds that takes care of a lot of stuff and then I read through a series of different filters to take out some of the other things that are going to be in the water before it goes out to the.

Speaker 1:                           05:37

To the, to the homeowners and the businesses and everything else that goes out there. What are we doing? We put in disinfecting agents, so what’s the most common disinfecting agents that cities use? Chlorine. I’m real simple. Chlorine bleach. Sodium. Hypo chloride is the most commonly used, so it’s. It’s essentially bleach that they’re feeding into the water, bring bleaches work. Great. It’s been one of the things that’s advanced civilization, right? I can keep the water clean, I can send it out to people. I can give them fresh running water and it’s not going to kill him.

Speaker 1:                           06:16                     That’s great, but dysentery don’t have to worry about cholera. You don’t have to worry about all those things. I can provide fresh, clean, fresh water out to people. Thing is with chlorine is it’s really super reactive. Okay. It isn’t just going out and hunting and killing bugs. It isn’t just knocking out bacteria. It’s also reacting with the surfaces of the pipes that it’s running through. It’s also interacting with the rubber and all of the things that it comes in contact with, so because of that it gets consumed pretty readily. Went through the plumbing system. It gets consumed quickly. Keeping the water clean and the thing that the municipality has to be concerned with is it has to dos enough into the water supply here so that by the time it gets all the way up to the end of the the waterline, it has to have a residual of chlorination that gets into that home to to keep that water safe all the way out at the end.

Speaker 1:                           07:11

So I have to put a lot more and more as plumbing systems grow, I have to put a lot more chlorine into the water supply to keep it safe and keep a residual at the end. Is Flora, is hypochlorite bleach good for you? No more and it’s that and it’s certain levels I’m sure. In fact, bleach one is one is a big thing they use in dairy cattle because how much milk or dairy cow makes is going to depend on how thirsty it is. Right? More water drink’s gonna make more milk, so it just so happens that if you put a little chlorine in the water. Yes, a beneficially. It keeps the water safe for the cattle did for the cows to drink. It. Also makes it more thirsty so they drink more water.

Speaker 2:                           07:56

Hmm. MMM.

Speaker 1:                           07:58

And that’s all a science that goes into all of that. Chlorine is very reactive. High levels of chlorine put in the water. It’s not. It is very common in places like Florida, Houston warm water areas where you’re getting water coming out of the ground that above 70 degrees, sometimes 80 degrees when it’s coming into the house. Um, it’s not unusual in places like Florida and the southern part of the United States where you could get chlorine levels, free. Chlorine levels in the house that are two to three parts per million. The water is chlorinated at heavy levels to keep it safe and clean. Warmer water bacterial growth happens more prevalently, so you tend to dos heavier and with chlorination and those areas and because it’s more because it’s in its offensive as a smell and people don’t like the taste of it. And that another thing that we need to do is be concerned with disinfecting.

Speaker 1:                           08:58

It’s in the water and filtering that out as well. So now we’re going to get a, going to start talking about things like chemical filtration. How do we remove things that are part of the water that chlorine that’s in the water is part of the water, uh, physical filter. A Mesh screen isn’t going to take that out because it’s part of the solution. So the next thing I want to talk about is carbon filtration. So activated carbon has been around for a long time, um, and some of the things that are great about activated carbon is that it is capable of removing heavy metals. It is capable of taking a fat tastes and odors out of the, out of the water, as well as doing removal. Chlorine. Does everybody know, does anybody that they’re giving that chlorine the ability to work out longer and act longer in the water to do disinfection? Now it’s on the flip side. What it does is it makes the chlorine a little less reactive so that it lasts longer in the water. So what I’m gonna do is I’m going to take. So hypochlorite, which is an hcl.

 

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